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Through the western half of the country, three Andean ranges run north and south.The eastern half is a low, jungle-covered plain, drained by spurs of the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers, inhabited mostly by isolated tropical-forest Indian tribes.Illicit Drugs: Illicit producer of coca, opium poppy, and cannabis; world's leading coca cultivator with 188,000 hectares in coca cultivation in 2016, a 18% increase over 2015, producing a potential of 710 mt of pure cocaine; the world's largest producer of coca derivatives; supplies cocaine to nearly all of the US market and the great majority of other international drug markets; in 2016, the Colombian government reported manual eradication of 17,642 hectares; Colombia suspended aerial eradication in October 2015 making 2016 the first full year without aerial eradication; a significant portion of narcotics proceeds are either laundered or invested in Colombia through the black market peso exchange; Colombia probably remains the second largest supplier of heroin to the US market; opium poppy cultivation was estimated to be 1,100 hectares in 2015, sufficient to potentially produce three metric tons of pure heroin. Colombia's economy is the fastest growing in the world behind China; the country has very large supplies of coal and petroleum (although the country itself is 70% powered by hydroelectric, making it a leader in renewable energy), and it has recently seen major upturns in electronics, information technology, shipbuilding, and tourism.Colombia has also become a major cultural exporter, now coming in second behind Mexico for most cultural exports in Latin America.27.8% (2017 est.)Trade Total Exports: .79 billion (2017 est.)Major Exports: Petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, and apparel.
International Disputes: In December 2007, ICJ allocated San Andres, Providencia, and Santa Catalina islands to Colombia under 1928 Treaty but did not rule on 82 degrees W meridian as maritime boundary with Nicaragua; managed dispute with Venezuela over maritime boundary and Venezuelan-administered Los Monjes Islands near the Gulf of Venezuela; Colombian-organized illegal narcotics, guerrilla, and paramilitary activities penetrate all neighboring borders and have caused Colombian citizens to flee mostly into neighboring countries; Colombia, Honduras, Nicaragua, Jamaica, and the US assert various claims to Bajo Nuevo and Serranilla Bank.
However, it may not be long before other universities begin to overtake the traditional heavyweights from the UK and US..
The majority of universities from both the US and UK have fallen in rank this year.
) longform poetry from the country's different indigenous groups.
Colombian authors produced works of prose and poetry through the colonial era onward.